Greek is a language that holds historical importance in a variety of fields, including linguistics, philosophy, literature, and religion. Written work in Greek is well-documented and the language has played a crucial role in terms of the development of other languages as well. Currently, it is the official language in both Greece and Cyprus, as well as holding official status in the European Union. In addition, it is spoken in many other countries; it is a recognized minority language in Albania, Armenia, Italy, Ukraine, and a number of other countries as well. Moreover, it is spoken in a number of communities around the world where Greek communities exist. Ancient Greek, its earlier iteration is also studied widely in academia due to its scholarly value.
The Greek language has been a vehicle of the most important literary texts in Western civilization as it is the language used to produce the most foundational texts in philosophy, science, and mathematics. Greek symbols are still prominent in these fields. Equally as important, the majority of mathematical and technological terminology stems from either Greek or Latin. In addition, Greek script was found on the Rosetta stone, a stone that documents a decree issued in Egypt. The decree was written in Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs, the Demotic script, and Ancient Greek. Thus, Ancient Greek was used to gain a deeper understanding of Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs when it was discovered as the translations between all three scripts were very similar, thus helping historians gain a deeper understanding of these Ancient civilizations and their social and cultural interactions.